Josephine Baker was an American-born French dancer, singer, and actress. Nicknamed the Bronze Venus, the Black Pearl , and even the Créole Goddess in anglophone nations, in France, Josephine has always been known simply as La Baker.
Baker was the first African American to star in a major motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. She is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement in the United States , for assisting the French Resistance during World War II and for being the first American-born woman to receive the French military honor, the Croix de guerre.
Baker was born Freda Josephine McDonald in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Carrie McDonald. Her estate identifies the vaudeville drummer, Eddie Carson, as her...